Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy
Prevalence and Risk Factors in South Africa
Violence against women is a global problem which exacts a high burden of suffering on millions of women and families, including women who are pregnant and postpartum.
In South Africa, studies have shown that 36-40% of pregnant women experience physical IPV, while 15-19% experience sexual IPV.
In this vulnerable population, IPV is associated with a range of physical and mental health consequences for the mother including pregnancy loss, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.
South African data have suggested a direct link between violence and HIV infection, where HIV-positive women are more likely than HIV-negative women to have experienced physical violence perpetrated by their partner. Alcohol and other drug use have been identified as another risk factor for IPV during pregnancy, as intoxication may lead to irresponsible behaviour such as violence
In South Africa, the mortality rate attributed to IPV is the highest globally and is double that of the United States. For the infant, there are increased risks associated with preterm delivery and low birth weight.
Read our policy brief on violence against women in South Africa and how to break the cycle on our website
Posted on April 29, 2016, in Domestic violence, HIV/AIDS, Maternal Mental Health, Substance abuse and tagged HIV, intimate partner violence, pregnant women, prevalence, risk factors, South Africa. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.